LEADER (Liaison Between Development Actions and Rural Economy) has been a European subvention program to support local development actions within rural areas since 1991. At the beginning, LEADER was a Community Initiative Program (PIC) via which Europe wished to experiment a new approach of rural development, based on a participative democracy as close to the territories as possible. (Bottom up perspective). Since 2007, it has become a program of rural development financed by European Agricultural Funds for Rural Development (FEADER) within the frame of the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy. (PAC).
Thus, different programs have succeeded one another since 1991 : LEADER I, LEADER II, LEADER +, LEADER 2007-2013 and currently LEADER 2014-2020.
GAL carries out the implementation of the LEADER program over approximately 7 year periods.
This is the fourth generation of the LEADER program in the Cévennes since 1994 (LEADER II). The GAL Cévennes is benefitting yet again from the LEADER program from 2014 to 2020. Nearly 2,515 million Euros have been allocated to support the GAL strategy.
The GAL Cévennes, as the other 300 Local Action Groups in France, accompanies project leaders through the coordination and the follow up of their projects and ensures the administrative and financial management of the program. The GAL Cévennes is a territory covering 7 communities of communes and 1 agglomeration community.
This program has the ambition of financing innovating projects (new activities on the territory) encouraging networking amongst the actors of rural development.
LEADER encourages innovating actions, collective approaches, corporation projects along side private-public partnerships to enhance the territory’s assets.
LEADER subventions can be allocated to project carriers, public or private, if they correspond to the GAL development strategy’s criteria and to the different characteristics of the LEADER program.
The allocated subvention can reach a maximum of 80% of the total of the public financing brought to the project. So, it intervenes only in return of a public financing formerly obtained.